The Girl Doing Eye Exam

Children’s Eye Health: When to Schedule Their First Eye Exam


Ensuring your child’s eye health is crucial for their overall development and well-being. Early detection of vision problems can prevent long-term issues and support your child’s learning and daily activities. This blog post will guide you on when to schedule your child’s first eye exam and what to expect during the visit.

The Importance of Early Eye Exams

Early eye exams are essential because vision problems can hinder a child’s development, learning abilities, and quality of life. Detecting and treating vision issues early can prevent more serious problems in the future and ensure your child has the best possible vision.

When to Schedule the First Eye Exam

1. Newborn to 6 Months

The first eye check-up should occur during the newborn period. Your pediatrician or family doctor will check your baby’s eyes for any signs of congenital issues. It’s also crucial to monitor your baby’s eye health during regular wellness visits.

2. 6 to 12 Months

At around six months old, your baby should have a comprehensive eye exam. This exam will assess how well the eyes work together, check for farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism, and ensure that their eyes are developing normally.

3. 3 to 5 Years

Between the ages of three and five, your child should have another comprehensive eye exam. During this period, the eye doctor will check for common childhood vision problems like lazy eye (amblyopia), crossed eyes (strabismus), and other refractive errors. This is also a good time to evaluate how well your child’s vision supports their learning and development.

4. Before Starting School (Around 5 to 6 Years)

It’s recommended to schedule an eye exam before your child starts school, typically around five to six years old. This exam will ensure your child has the visual skills necessary for school, such as seeing the board clearly, reading comfortably, and focusing on schoolwork.

5. School-Age (6 Years and Older)

After starting school, your child should have annual eye exams. Regular eye exams will monitor your child’s vision as they grow and their visual demands increase. If any issues arise, early detection allows for timely intervention.

Signs Your Child May Need an Eye Exam

While regular exams are crucial, you should also be aware of signs that might indicate your child needs an eye exam sooner:

  • Squinting or closing one eye
  • Holding books or objects very close to their face
  • Complaining of headaches or eye pain
  • Excessive blinking or rubbing of the eyes
  • Difficulty concentrating or poor performance in school
  • Avoiding activities that require near vision, such as reading or homework

What to Expect During a Child’s Eye Exam

A comprehensive eye exam for children typically includes:

  • Case History: Questions about your child’s health, family eye history, and any vision concerns.
  • Vision Testing: Checking for clarity of vision at different distances.
  • Eye Alignment and Movement: Ensuring the eyes work well together and move properly.
  • Eye Health Evaluation: Examining the internal and external structures of the eye for any abnormalities.
  • Refractive Assessment: Determining the presence of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.


Regular eye exams are a vital part of maintaining your child’s overall health and development. By scheduling timely eye exams, you can ensure that any vision problems are detected and treated early, giving your child the best chance for success in school and life. At Vaga Hospital, our Pediatric Ophthalmology department is dedicated to providing comprehensive eye care for children of all ages. Schedule your child’s eye exam with us today to ensure their vision is on the right track.

Call to Action: For more information on children’s eye health or to book an appointment with one of our pediatric eye specialists, please call us at +91 6391000030, 31.